The integration of the immigrant population in the European Union



Inmigration, Integration, European Union


The aim of this work is to lay the foundations for an appropriate
Community policy on immigration that facilitates the integration
of foreigners, by means of a legal model common to the 27 Member States
of the European Union, based on the following pillars: a) on the idea
of immigration as an exchange, a driving force for progress and peace;
b) on the recognition of the rights and freedoms of foreigners and their
non-criminalisation; c) on the attack on illegal immigration at its source,
acting on the causes that generate and sustain it; and, d) on the strengthening
of control mechanisms for offences related to the irregular hiring
of foreigners. In order to achieve the main objectives of the manuscript
presented, and given that its main characteristic is a legal object,
a dual dogmatic-empirical legal methodology is proposed as a model.
The dogmatic legal methodology consists of a doctrinal study and the
use of written sources to understand the phenomenon of immigration
in the EU from a theoretical-practical perspective. The empirical methodology
is based on a field study with the aim of analysing the policies
and regulations on immigration in the different member states, where it
is possible to observe the existing differences between the countries of
the centre and the countries of the south, between all of these and the
Nordic countries. The result obtained, after the application of this methodology,
is a theoretical-practical study that delves into the need to create
a common model of effective integration of the immigrant population in
the EU, where freedom of movement and the principle of equality should
inspire all its legislation, so that this phenomenon can be seen from a different
perspective, and so that both nationals and foreigners can benefit
from the potential and the opportunity that the migratory phenomenon